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An interdisciplinary debate on project perspectives

Table 3 Criticisms of Alexander’s second theory of architecture: implementation and outcomes

From: Christopher Alexander’s A Pattern Language: analysing, mapping and classifying the critical response

[#] Issue A# Criticism S# Source
20 Restricting 3 Patterns disallow radical solutions (Broadbent 1980; Protzen 1980; Davis 1983; Dovey 1990; Salingaros 2000; Kohn 2002; Saunders 2002a; Messina 2003; Mehaffy 2007; Bhatt 2010; Montgomery 1970)
21 Restricting 3, 15 The ‘correct’ use of patterns can overrule user preferences (Dovey 1990; Saunders 2003)
22 Restricting 3 Alexander insists on every detail being ‘correct’ 26 (Dovey 1990)
23 Flawed 13, 16 Some patterns prescribe flawed solutions (Broadbent 1980; Gelernter 2000; Salingaros 2000)
24 Flawed 13 Some patterns are contradictory and incompatible (Protzen 1980; Saunders 2002a)
25 Unsuccessful 9, 13 Patterns are not required to create beautiful places and ugly places can be created using patterns (Broadbent 1980; Protzen 1980; Kohn 2002; Walker 2003; Seamon 2006; Kalb 2014)
26 Unsuccessful 22 Patterns produce awkward and poorly constructed buildings (Kohn 2002; Seamon 2006)
27 Unsuccessful 9, 13 A Pattern Language lacks a focus on geometry (Pontikis 2010) Alexander in (Grabow 1983)
28 Unsuccessful Alexander’s pattern language is cumbersome to use (Salingaros 2000)
  1. [#], criticism identifier; #A, antecedent criticism; #S, subsequent criticism