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Table 5 Multiple linear regression analysis for the relationships between the variables and general landscape preferences

From: An empirical research study on prospect–refuge theory and the effect of high-rise buildings in a Japanese garden setting

Model Unstandardized coefficients t Sig. Correlations
B Std. error Zero-order Partial Part
Regression model
 (Constant) 2.742 0.668 4.104 0.000    
 The scene is (open/closed)** 0.233 0.073 3.205 0.002** 0.342 0.283 0.238
 The place where I stand is (safe/unsafe) 0.060 0.102 0.588 0.558 0.170 0.054 0.044
 The buildings in the background of the garden scene are (pleasant/disturbing)** 0.164 0.068 2.402 0.018** 0.246 0.216 0.179
 Building ratio in the scene 0.009 0.007 1.273 0.205 0.128 0.116 0.095
 Education on nature (nature class taken = 1; not taken = 0) 0.346 0.272 1.271 0.206 0.178 0.116 0.095
 Occupation (designer = 1; non-designer = 0) − 0.251 0.188 − 1.335 0.185 − 0.145 − 0.122 − 0.099
 Nationality (Japanese = 1; foreigner = 0) ** − 0.753 0.174 − 4.326 0.000** − 0.438 − 0.370 − 0.322
 Gender (female = 1; male = 0) 0.080 0.154 0.515 0.608 0.060 0.047 0.038
 Education level − 0.088 0.112 − 0.789 0.432 0.075 − 0.072 − 0.059
 Age 0.002 0.006 0.351 0.726 − 0.125 0.032 0.026
  1. R = 0.589; R2 = 0.347 F(10–118) = 6.282, p < 0.001
  2. ** Significant at the p < 0.05 level