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Table 1 The conceptual framework for social sustainability in urban neighborhoods and the assessment through the proposed ‘Integrated Measuring Tools Method’ (IMTM)

From: Assessing the effect of urban form on social sustainability: a proposed ‘Integrated Measuring Tools Method’ for urban neighborhoods in Dubai

  Principles Indicators Assessment integrated Multi-Tools
1 Density Population density (between 40 and 50 pph) and urban compactness (FAR) Map analysis
UMI
2 Accessibility Walkability (Services and facilities are located within walkable and bikeable distances through well-defined pathways/cycling lanes) UMI
Field observation
Bikeability UMI
Field observation
Services and facilities are accessible for everyone Field observation
3 Mobility Walkability (A safe, connected and well-designed pedestrian and cycling infrastructure) Field observation
Map analysis
Bikeability Field observation
Map analysis
Availability of accessible and cost-effective public transport Secondary resources
Map analysis
DepthmapX
Restrained private car traffic (prioritization of non-privatized modes of movement) Field observation
Map analysis
Decentralized provision of services Map analysis
UMI
Transit oriented development (TOD) Map analysis
DepthmapX
4 Integration Spatial connectivity with adjacent neighborhoods DepthmapX
Field observation
Spatial connectivity of the neighborhood’s street network DepthmapX
Mutual supporting role among the neighborhood and its surrounding neighborhoods (in terms of provided amenities and services) Map analysis
5 Choice and Diversity Diverse range of high-quality services, housing types, non-car-based jobs, open spaces, and modes of mobility Map analysis
Field observation
6 Mixed-use Mixed land-use of the neighborhood plan Map analysis
Availability of quality open spaces that can accommodate various social and commercial activities Field observation
Map analysis
Ability to undertake multi-purpose trips Map analysis
7 Environmental Quality Physical, psychological, thermal, and visual comfort Field observation
8 Safety Avoiding urban sprawl UMI
Map analysis
Calmed road traffic Field observation
Inclusive safety measures for pedestrians and cyclists Field observation
Map analysis
Safe and integrated network for pedestrians Field observation
Map analysis
Safe and integrated network for cyclists Field observation
Map analysis
Safe access to public transport nodes Field observation
Map analysis
9 Security Avoiding dead-end streets Map analysis
Encouraged urban surveillance Field observation
Dwelling units occupied mostly by owners Secondary resources
Rent/property price (social stratum) Secondary resources
10 Social capital Available social gathering nodes (regular occurrence of social interactions leading to social networks) Field observation
Map analysis
Encouraged people encountering (through walking) UMI
Map analysis
Field observation
Distinctive urban design and high-quality services and facilities (increase sense of belonging) Field observation
Map analysis
Community participation (increases trust) Secondary resources