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An interdisciplinary debate on project perspectives

Table 1 Criticisms of Alexander’s second theory of architecture: conceptualisation

From: Christopher Alexander’s A Pattern Language: analysing, mapping and classifying the critical response

[#] Issue A# Criticism S# Source
1 Ontology Rejecting pluralistic values confuses subjective and objective phenomena 3 (Saunders 2002a, 2003; Bhatt 2010)
2 Ontology Alternate experiences and social, political and economic realities are incompatible with Alexander’s world view 3 (Montgomery 1970; Broadbent 1980; Davis 1983; Dovey 1990; Salingaros 2000, Elsheshtawy 2001; Kohn 2002; Saunders 2002a; Walker 2003; Mehaffy 2008; Bhatt 2010; Kalb 2014)
3 Ontology 1, 2 The timeless way of building is the only valid means for creating beautiful environments 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17,18, 19, 20, 21, 22 (Broadbent 1980; Protzen 1980; Dovey 1990; Lang 1994)
4 Epistemology Alexander’s definition of ‘science’ excludes many tenets of scholarly research 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11,12, 13, 14, 18 (Alexander 2002a,b; Saunders 2002a)
  1. [#], criticism identifier; #A, antecedent criticism; #S, subsequent criticism